Making Sense of the Urban Spectrum: Valuation,
Agglomeration and Location of Wireless Technologies
January 29th, 2002
At current growth rates, the number of wireless
subscribers will surpass that of fixed telephones in the middle
of this decade. This fundamental shift in telecommunications has
caused a profound effect on information infrastructure, and provided
new tools for regional analysis. Since wireless technologies transmit
through the electromagnetic spectrum, a public good, auctions
are held in many countries for broadcast rights. Auctions provide
an economic valuation of regions by private industry for the implementation
of a technology. The auction values of a region provide a new
insight into how emerging technologies are affecting the urban
hierarchy of regions. This paper will examine FCC auction and
infrastructure data to determine what regional factors could be
driving differences in auction values and wireless infrastructure
investments. Results will be analyzed to examine the extent to
which these factors could be responsible for attracting technology
infrastructure investment to a region and how those factors influence
the economic value placed on a region by private industry. In
addition, the paper will examine if wireless infrastructure is
decentralizing telecommunications agglomeration from the current
hierarchy of services in cities.
Click here for the
full paper (pdf)
Wiring Rural India: Bringing Information
Technology to Developing Countries
Aditya Dev Sood
September 26th, 2001
"The mobile telephone is a big part of my life":
Mobile telephony in Norway
Telenor Corporation, Norway
April 20, 2001
Data shows that Scandinavia leads the world in the
ownership and use of mobile telephony. For example, as many as
90% of some teen groups have a mobile telephone. They are used
to coordinate everyday actives, provide a type of security but
perhaps most important for the teens they provide them with access
to peers. This seminar will describe both the diffusion but perhaps
more importantly the motivations for the use of mobile telephone
use in Norway. Ling, who is a sociologist, will describe the current
situation and also look into how the mobile telephone is changing
society in Norway.
Living Networked in a Wired World:
Physical Place and Cyber Place
University of Toronto
March 22, 2001
Information and the Urban Future
February 26, 2001
A special meeting to precede the Association of
American Geographers' 2001 Annual Meeting in New York City
for the Proceedings
Exploring the Elusive Metropolis
Director of Urban and Metropolitan Research
Fannie Mae Foundation
December 13, 2000
cities, a form of sprawling office development that never reaches
the densities or cohesiveness of edge cities, account for the
bulk of office space found outside of downtowns. Among the nation's
largest office markets, they nearly double edge cities in size.
This study looks at the evolving geography of office space in
13 of the nation's largest markets, which together contain over
2.6 billion square feet of office space and 26,000 buildings.
"edgeless city" plays on edge city. It captures the fact that
most suburban office areas lack a physical edge. In contrast to
edge cities, which in theory combine large-scale office development
with major retail, edgeless cities feature mostly isolated office
buildings at varying densities over vast swaths of urban space.
Whereas factory towns, secondary cities and even edge cities share
a spatial logic with big cities (albeit on a diminutive scale),
edgeless cities represent a radical departure in urban form.
recent report for the Brookings Institution, "Office
Sprawl: The Evolving Geography of Business"
of an expanded version that will be published in Housing Policy
Debate 12.4 (2001). HTML
- PDF - Figures
and the Future of Cities: A Preliminary Look at White-Collar Workers
Ingrid Gould Ellen, New York University
November 8 , 2000
in communications technology over the last decade have been staggering.
The central question for urban researchers is whether these technological
advances are changing where people work, and ultimately, where people
live. Will urban centers, as many futurists have predicted, no longer
serve as the nucleus of employment activity, as more and more people
telecommute from isolated areas?
Work Schedules supplement from the 1997 Current Population Study,
this paper examines the prevalence of telecommuting, explores the
relationship between telecommuting and the residential choices of
white-collar workers, and speculates about future impacts on residential
patterns and urban form.
Pricing and the
History of Communications
October 11, 2000
repeating patterns in the histories of communication technologies,
including ordinary mail, the telegraph, the telephone, and the Internet.
In particular, the typical story for each service is that quality
rises, prices decrease, and usage increases to produce increased
total revenues. At the same time, prices become simpler.
analogies suggest that the Internet will evolve in a similar way,
towards simplicity. The schemes that aim to provide differentiated
service levels and sophisticated pricing schemes are unlikely to
be widely adopted.
quality differentiation are valuable tools that can provide higher
revenues and increase utilization efficiency of a network, and thus
in general increase social welfare. However, it appears that as
communication services become less expensive and are used more frequently,
those arguments lose out to customers' desire for simplicity.
papers on this subject:
growth: Is there a "Moore's Law" for data traffic?,
K. G. Coffman and A. M. Odlyzko
pricing and the history of communications, A. M. Odlyzko
history of communications and its implications for the Internet,
A. M. Odlyzko
the Global Internet:
Past, Present and Future
Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis
University College London
April 12, 2000
will critically review the state of knowledge of the shape, size,
form and impacts of the global Internet as revealed by the perspective
of geographic measurement and mapping. Maps have been key tools
in geography and planning for many years. Over the thirty-year history
of the Net a fascinating array of maps have been produced by a diverse
group of scholars, consultants and engineers, beginning as far back
as the very early days of ARPANET in 1969.
I have been
collecting, cataloguing and analyzing a broad range of cartographies
of the Net over the past couple of years. One output of this is
my web site, An Atlas of Cyberspaces. I draw on this research and
the examples in my Atlas for my talk.
do we know about the geography of the Internet at scales from the
local to global from these maps? How far do the publicly available
maps inform about the changing character and subtle impacts on society,
economy and space? What is missing from the maps? What future maps
are needed and can they be produced?
into Urban Planning
Graham, Newcastle University
Visiting Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
March 8, 2000
explores how urban planning strategies are creatively trying to
address the complex interlinkages between telecommunications, urban
forms and transportation. It has three parts. In the first, I set
the context for local, planned intervention on IT and telecommunications
by exploring the broad relationships between the development and
spread of new information technologies, and the changing form and
development of cities, and systems of physical mobility and location.
In part two I go on to review a broad, international range of emerging
urban planning and policy initiatives that are trying to shape the
articulation between urban built forms and electronic interactions.
Finally, I conclude by assessing the significance of these policies
and suggest ways for creatively integrating telecommunications into
urban policy and planning practices and strategies.
is the Internet?
Production, Consumption and
Contents of Web Information
Kellerman, University of Haifa
February 8, 2000
is perceived as a fully virtual system, so that both production
and consumption of web information may be universally possible.
Data show, however, that three U.S. cities lead in the production
of web sites (New York, San Francisco and Los Angeles). These cities
have enjoyed previous specializations in finances, high-tech and
multimedia. Interestingly enough, the cities which lead in information
consumption are not necessarily those that lead in information production
(San Francisco, Washington, D.C. and Boston), and here the high-tech
sector is of special importance.
of web information types show no relationship with the specializations
of leading cities in both production and consumption, attesting
to a system independent of its location, other than the need for
telecommunications infrastructures. These findings imply various
policy and theoretical considerations.
Kellerman's paper is available here
Professor Kellerman addresses
at New York University
Cities in the Information Age
Director, Center for
Advanced Spatial Analysis,
University College London
of Architecture & Planning,
M assachusetts Institute of Technology